In April, following the government restructuring, the Chinese State Council set up the new Ministry of Emergency Management, which in addition to response and recovery, will focus on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Although China has stepped up its resilience strategy after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, its implementation lags due to reasons such as inadequate funding for DRR and low awareness and coordination etc. Previously, there has been a lack of clarity on different Chinese ministries mandates leading to competition in addressing disasters, confusion on responsibilities and a lack of coordination. In light of this, the new ministry will take over emergency response, and will hold the capacity to handle mitigation and emergency response to disasters. In the face of climate change and China’s vulnerability to earthquakes, floods and typhoons, it is imperative to increase the country’s preparedness, including the institutional capacity.