The cities of Beijing and Shanghai have both implemented population caps last year, in order to counteract so-called “big city disease”, which has been used by state media to refer to cities suffering from overcrowding and pollution. In this light, Shanghai has set out to limit its population to 25 million, while Beijing has set the limit at 23 million. According to official figures, Shanghai’s population has already fallen by 10,000 to 24.8 million, whereas Beijing saw a fall by 20,000 to 21.7 million people by the end of 2017, with demographic factors such a fall in number of births most likely also playing a role. The plans to limit the population and take pressure off the two overcrowded cities also foresee the relocation of populations into new urban areas, such as the Jing-Jin-Ji region or the Xiong’an New Area outside of Beijing. Read more..