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Transport & Infrastructure

New stimulus package after the Covid-19

Wang Xu

What is the new package?


On March 4, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) decided to speed up the construction of major infrastructure projects. As the new stimulus package, it focuses on technologies that promote sustainable infrastructure. For instance, energy-saving appliances, charging piles for electric vehicles and 5G technologies are included in the package.


The following table shows the details of major projects in different provinces of China in 2020:


Quantity of projects

Overall investment

Annual investment





252.3 billion

Include 100 infrastructure projects, 100 livelihood improvement projects, 100 Hi- tech industries projects.





Include 42 technical industry projects, 25 livelihood projects, 12 ecological civilization projects, 57 infrastructure projections, 16 urban- rural integration projects.



3.3 trillion


The key topics include industrial transformation, infrastructure construction, new urbanization, environment protection and social development.



2.7 trillion

340 billion

The key topics include rural revitalization, infrastructure construction, industrial, social and regional coordinated development.


How will the package promote sustainable infrastructure?

Digitalization and artificial intelligence are the two key pillars of these new projects promoting sustainable development, which will deeply influence the industrial parks and economic zones. Following this package and benefitting from the advanced technologies, state- level economic development zones are trying to save energy and reduce waste by improving management and technology system.

 “Green development” is the key point of the state- level economic development zones. Through some new information platforms, a variety of data can be easily integrated, supervised and analyzed. In terms of environmental and energy data, it is necessary to consider how to reduce the physical contact between people and between people and wastes. With the help of technology, all data can be uploaded and integrated into “one cloud”. The waste emitters (i.e., industrial enterprises) can directly contact with waste administrators (i.e., recycling enterprises), so as to maximize the utilization value of waste and minimize the disposal cost. By making the information more transparent, managers of the zones can supervise the whole process. The resource consumption and cost will be reduced.

Several cities have already taken actions, and this time the new package will accelerate the process. In 2010, Tianjin tried to carry out online connection between enterprises producing industrial solid waste and those recycling waste. In Suzhou, through distributed energy and the establishment of online platforms, the Moon Bay Energy Center in Suzhou industrial park has already saved energy and reduced emissions. Beijing has applied to join the pilot construction project of “waste- free city” in 2019. Through the full life- cycle digital management of industrial solid waste, Beijing realized the automatic information identification.

In the future, the “big data center” of economic development zones may also include the database of different segment of clean technology. The clean technology enterprises can provide infinite possibilities for green transformation and high- quality development of the zones through big data analysis. 


The new development of charging piles for NEV and ultra- high voltage under new stimulus package

Charging piles for New Energy Vehicle

NEV refers to the vehicle that use unconventional vehicle fuel as the power source. It includes hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), battery electric vehicle (BEV), fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) and other new energy vehicles. The unconventional vehicle fuels are the fuels that exclude gasoline, diesel, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, ethanol gasoline and methanol.

As the part of the new infrastructure, the charging pile is based on the good prospect of China's new energy vehicles. Under the consensus of energy and environmental conservation, new energy vehicles have become the trend of auto industry. In 2019, the value of China's new energy vehicle market exceeded 3.81 million RMB, accounting for 49% of the global market share. China has the largest electric vehicle market in the world, and the charging pile is the essential replenishment infrastructure of electric vehicle. Therefore, the market scale for charging infrastructure is huge.

By the end of 2015, there were only 57,000 public charging facilities in China, which has already increased to 1.219 million by 2019, and the vehicle pile ratio has raised from 7.84:1 in 2015 to 3.1:1 in 2019. In 2020, the ratio should be 1:1.

On April 13, Cai Ronghua, the deputy director of the industrial development department of NDRC announced that around 10 billion RMB will be invested to the construction of charging piles in 2020. At the end of the year, there will be 200,000 new public piles and 400,000 new private piles. Among them, the State Grid Corporation will invest 2.7 billion for the projects in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and other total 24 provinces. Those charging piles will be used in different scenarios, like public, private, logistic, sanitation, community and shore power. It is expected to boost the consumption of new energy vehicles by more than 20 billion RMB.

Ultra- high voltage

Ultra-high voltage is a key factor in the construction of energy internet and the security of energy supply. Recently, the State Grid Corporation of China has set a total 112.8 billion RMB investment scale in 2020 for the construction of ultra-high voltage.

In China, more than 80% of coal, hydro, wind and solar energy resources are distributed in the western and northern regions, and more than 70% of electricity consumption is concentrated in the eastern and central China. The differentiation of supply and consumption regions indicates that China should further develop new energy to ensure the energy supply.

Because the power generation by wind, solar and other new energy is randomness and volatility, it is necessary to establish an energy internet to support the development, distribution and utilization of the energy.

Through the ultra- high voltage, the clean energy can be transported from the “Three North” area. With the help of large capacity pithead power station, northern China can transmit the electricity to other provinces instead of the coal, which is conductive to the protection of environment.





  • Project
  • Activities
  • Actors and partners
  • Our team

Past events

  • Building Energy Consumption and Carbon Emission Accounting System of Jiangsu

    Jiangsu Province has clearly set out energy-saving and GHG reduction targets for the 12th Five Year Plan (FYP) period, to be achieved by 2020. This report by the Sino-German Cooperation Programme on Jiangsu Low Carbon Development proposes an innovative accounting system for building energy consumption and carbon emissions, to support evaluation of Jiangsu’s progress towards the 12th FYP.

  • AHK China econet monitor - Green Building Special 2018

    The “econet monitor” Green Building Special is an annual publication highlighting the newest developments and trends in green building in China. SGUP, in collaboration with Beijing Uni-Construction Company, has made a strong contribution to plus energy building for advancing sustainable urban development.

  • Energy Efficient Buildings and Districts - a Keystone Paper by the Sino-German Urbanisation Partnership

    Introducing the Sino-German Urbanisation Partnership's Keystone Paper: Energy Efficient Buildings and Districts


  • Plus Energy Buildings and Districts - a Keystone Paper by the Sino-German Urbanisation Partnership

    Introducing the Sino-german Urbanisation Partnership's Keystone Paper: Plus Energy Buildings and Districts

  • AHK China Econet Monitor - Green Building Special 2019

    The Econet’s Green Building Monitor Special vividly describes how green buildings can effectively alleviate the ngeative implication of rapid urbanisation occurring in China, and simeontaesously meet the increasing demands for higher quality and improving living conditions by China’s growing middle class. China hosts the world’s largest green building market which unleashes immense potential for green and sustainable urbanisation.

  • Energierechtliche Rahmensbedingungen

    Introducing the Sino-german Urbanisation Partnership's Keystone Paper: Energierechtliche Rahmensbedingungen: Auf Europäischer, Bundes- und Stadtebene und deren Auswirkungen auf die Stadtentwicklung. 

  • Low Carbon Development Status Quo in Jiangsu Province

    Jiangsu remains a key province in China for promoting industrialisation and urban development, and currently faces a serious energy-saving and emissions reduction challenges. This report, produced by the Sino-German Cooperation Program on Jiangsu Low Carbon Development, summarises the policies, regulations, pilot demonstrations and general climate change mitigation efforts undertaken by Jiangsu during the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012) period.

  • Carbon Reduction Potential Analysis of GHG emission at county level

    Climate change has become a global problem, and curtailing GHG emissions is an important process for promoting mitigation and adaptation. This report examines Changshu and Rugao counties of Jiangsu Province in terms of their carbon emissions and develops GHG reduction potential calculations based on scenario analysis. It was published by the Sino-German Cooperation Program on Jiangsu Low Carbon Development on the Carbon Reduction Potential of GHG emissions at the County Level.

  • German Experiences to obtain Energy Efficiency Gains in Cities through Green Buildings

    This textbook provides a holistic summary of Germany's energy efficiency efforts in the building sector and further examples in the European context, and is of relevance to initiatives aiming to promote green building development in China. It was published by the Sino-German Cooperation Project on 'Qualification of Key Actors in the Building Energy Efficiency Sector (KABEE)'.A textbook published by the Sino-German Cooperation Project on 'Qualification of Key Actors in the Building Energy Efficiency Sector (KABEE)' which provides a holistic summary of Germany's energy efficiency efforts in the building sector and further examples in the Europen context, being of relevance for the continued push for green building development in China.

  • German Experiences to obtain Energy Efficiency Gains in Cities through Application of Renewable Energies in Urban Areas

    This training textbook aims to contribute to more efficient exploitation of energy saving potentials, as well as the implementation of climate change mitigation measures in Chinese cities through renewable energy development. It was published by the Sino-German Cooperation Project 'Qualification of Key Actors in the Building Energy Efficiency Sector (KABEE)'.

  • German Experiences to obtain Energy Efficiency Gains in Cities through Eco-Industrial Park (EIP) Development

    This training textbook provides information on German experiences in responding to the ecological demands of industrial development through implementing energy efficiency measures into eco-industrial park development. It was published by the Sino-German Cooperation Project 'Qualification of Key Actors in the Building Energy Efficiency Sector (KABEE)'.

  • A Guide for Energy Efficiency Retrofit of Existing Buildings

    Buildings, which account for roughly a third of global carbon dioxide emissions, constitute a key area where measures can be implemented to promote climate change resilience. This guide aims to showcase optimal energy-saving strategies for buildings and best-practice examples from China and Germany to homeowners, architects and engineers. It was provided by the Sino-German Cooperation Project on Low Carbon Compound Projects in City Networks in Jiangsu Province.

  • Overview of Legislative Measures: Energy Efficient Buildings

    This poster introduces the energy legislative measures from EU and German level, with a focus on strategies, laws and incentive schemes.

  • Energy Evaluation Report Summary of Liberty Garment Factory

    Liberty Garment Factory is the industry leader in clothing production and commerce in China, and in recent years has implemented a range of energy-saving measures to support sustainable development. This summary provides a detailed energy evaluation of the factory, which is the first Chinese enterprise to have undergone and completed several environment-related audits, including the Energy Management system audit (GB/T23331) and the Greenhouse Gases Verification (ISO14064).

  • Making a Case for the Sustainable Development Goals from Asia

    Learn about the success stories of implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) from various GIZ partner countries in Asia. 

  • Introducing the Sino-German Urban Partnership's Mission and Activities

    Discover the goals and work of the Sino-German Urbanisation Partnership with this informative guide.

  • Public Transport Integration and Transit Alliances

    Transit Alliances enable the participation of multiple stakeholders and operators, thus making mobility more attractive and integrative for users. This publication gives an insight into the detailed benefits of such alliances, and also provides know-how on implementation of successful Transit Alliances.

  • Climate Finance for Low-Carbon Urban Infrastructure in China——Study by SGUP and FELICITY

    Financing is critical to enable cities to invest in low-carbon urban infrastructure.

    To show how climate finance can help enable sustainable urban development in China, this paper begins by taking stock of city climate policies, the status of financing for low-carbon urban development, and current financial instruments available. The study then analyzes the gaps and barriers that Chinese cities confront and makes recommendations on how to mobilize climate finance resources for sustainable urban infrastructure in China.

  • New Planning Culture in German Cities - Topics, Priorities and Processes

    This publication highlights 55 best practice project cases from 34 German cities that exemplify innovative approaches to and qualitative standards for urban planning and development. It was produced by Darmstadt University of Technology in cooperation with the German Association of Cities and the Federal Institute for Building, Urban and Environmental Research. This version has been translated into Chinese.

  • Urban Renewal in Districts - a Keystone Paper by the Sino-German Urbanisation Partnership

    Introducing the Sino-German Urbanisation Partnership's Keystone Paper on Urban Renewal in Districts

  • Transformative City - a Keystone Paper by the Sino-German Urbanisation Partnership

    Introducing the Sino-German Urbanisation Partnership's Keystone Paper "Transformative City"